Dr. Dmitri Kopeliovich
Compression Molding is a process in which a molding polymer is squeezed into a preheated mold taking a shape of the mold cavity and performing curing due to heat and pressure applied to the material.
The method uses a split mold mounted in a hydraulic press
Compression Molding process involves the following steps:
The charge may be in form of powders, pellets, putty-like masses or pre-formed blanks.
The charge is usually preheated prior to placement into the mold. Preheated polymer becomes softer resulting in shortening the molding cycle time.
The mold, equipped with a heating system, provides curing (cross-linking) of the polymer (if thermoset is processed).
If thermosetting resin is molded, the mold may be open in hot state – cured thermosets maintain their shape and dimensions even in hot state.
If thermoplastic is molded, the mold and the molded part are cooled down before opening.
Compression Molding cycle time is about 1-6 min, which is longer than Injection Molding cycle.
The method is suitable for molding large flat or moderately curved parts.
Materials commonly processed by Compression Molding are:
Compression Molding is used for manufacturing electrical wall receptacles, brush and mirror handles, meter cases, trays, circuit breakers, cookware knobs, clothes dryer blower fan blade, electronic and cooking utensils, milling machine adjustment wheel, automotive parts, water testing equipment buttons, television cabinets, dinnerware, appliance housings, radio cases, aircraft main power terminal housing, hoods, pot handles, spoilers, electric plugs and sockets, fenders, dinnerware plates, scoops.