Dr. Dmitri Kopeliovich
Gas Welding is a welding process utilizing heat of the flame from a welding torch. The torch mixes a fuel gas with Oxygen in the proper ratio and flow rate providing combustion process at a required temperature. The hot flame fuses the edges of the welded parts, which are joined together forming a weld after Solidification.
The flame temperature is determined by a type of the fuel gas and proportion of oxygen in the combustion mixture: 4500°F - 6300°F (2500°C - 3500°C). Depending on the proportion of the fuel gas and oxygen in the combustion mixture, the flame may be chemically neutral (stoichiometric content of the gases), oxidizing (excess of oxygen), carburizing (excess of fuel gas).
Filler rod is used when an additional supply of metal to weld is required. Shielding flux may be used if protection of weld pool is necessary.
Most of commercial metals may be welded by Gas Welding excluding reactive metals (titanium, zirconium) and refractory metals (tungsten, molybdenum).
Gas Welding equipment:
Advantages of Resistance Welding:
Disadvantages of Resistance Welding:
The most popular methods of Gas Welding are:
Oxyacetylene Welding is a Gas Welding process using a combustion mixture of acetylene (C2H2) and oxygen (O2) for producing gas welding flame.
Oxyacetylene flame has a temperature of about 6000°F (3300°C). Combustion of acetylene proceeds in two stages:
1. Inner core of the flame. C2H2 + O2 = 2CO + H2
2. Outer envelope of the flame: CO + H2 + O2 = CO2 + H2O
Acetylene is safely stored at a pressure not exceeding 300 psi (2000 kPa) in special steel cylinders containing acetone. Outside of cylinder acetylene is used at a absolute pressure not exceeding 30 psi (206 kPa). Higher pressure may cause explosion.
Oxyhydrogen Welding is a Gas Welding process using a combustion mixture of Hydrogen (H2) and oxygen (O2) for producing gas welding flame.
Oxyacetylene flame has a temperature of about 4500°F (2500°C).
Combustion reaction is as follows:
Pressure Gas Welding is a Gas Welding, in which the welded parts are pressed to each other when heated by a gas flame.
The process is similar to Resistance Butt Welding.
Pressure Gas Welding does not require filler material.
Pressure gas welding is used for joining pipes, rods, railroad rails.